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In New Court Motion, Major Medical Societies Argue No Surprises Act Rule Violates Law Passed by Congress

Regulators Transformed Act to Protect Patients and Physicians into a Giveaway for Insurers

CHICAGO, Ill.—In a motion for summary judgement filed today, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) and American College of Radiology (ACR) argue that the interim final rule (IFR) created by the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) turned the balanced and fair reforms of Congress’s No Surprises Act upside down and transformed the act intended to protect patients and their physicians into a giveaway for private insurers.

“The IFR established by the administration will hit anesthesiology, radiology and emergency medicine hard across the country, especially in small, rural or marginalized communities,” said ASA President Randall M. Clark, M.D., FASA. “Some practices will be forced to make difficult decisions on how to spread already thin resources to continue to treat all patients safely.”

“The regulatory language guiding the implementation of this law is fundamentally flawed and must be addressed,” said Gillian Schmitz, MD, FACEP, president of ACEP. “Rather than the compromise meticulously crafted to solve surprise bills as Congress intended, the administration has turned this law into an open invitation for insurance companies to strongarm physicians out of network.”

“Without regard for patient impact, insurers are using the federal rule to narrow provider networks, which will deny patients’ access to their chosen providers and inflate already record insurer profits,” said Howard B. Fleishon, MD, MMM, FACR, chair of the American College of Radiology Board of Chancellors. “Rural and underserved communities may be hit hardest by this overreach that can result in longer wait times for care, delayed diagnosis and higher out of pocket costs to treat more advanced conditions. The court can stop this now by granting our motion for summary judgement.“

The No Surprises Act gives patients financial protection against surprise medical bills and prohibits balance billing for certain out-of-network (OON) services or care. In the law, an independent dispute resolution (IDR) entity is required to consider six factors when determining the payment amount for OON bills: 1) the insurer’s in-network rate, known as the qualifying payment amount; 2) the provider’s training, experience, and quality of care; 3) the provider’s and insurer’s market share; 4) the acuity and complexity of the care; 5) the provider’s teaching status, case mix, and scope of services; and 6) the good-faith efforts of the provider and insurer to contract for in-network rates.

What the administration did instead was “set one factor—the insurer’s in-network rate—as presumptive,” according to the motion for summary judgement.  “The IFR’s presumption in favor of insurers’ in-network rates will empower private health insurers to drive down payment, imperiling physicians and their patients’ access to care.” 

The motion for summary judgement states that the IFR “violates the plain language of the No Surprises Act, exceeds the department’s authority granted by Congress, thwarts the purpose of the statute, is inconsistent with the legislative history of the No Surprises Act, and was promulgated in violation of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA).”

In their filing, ASA, ACEP and ACR ask the court to find the administration’s IFR “unlawful” because it is “arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion, or otherwise not in accordance with law;” “without observance of procedure required by law;” and “in excess of statutory jurisdiction, authority, or limitations, or short of statutory right.” 

Health insurers’ net incomes and profit margins have grown each year since 2015 — including record profits in 2020 — even as their costs dropped. Insurance premiums continue to rise. Record insurer profits have not led to reduced premiums for beneficiaries. There is no indication — nor proof — that insurer profit increases gained via No Surprises Act-related network restrictions would result in lower costs to patients.  Neither the lawsuit nor the filing for summary judgement impact patient protections in the new law nor increase patient health care costs.    


About the American Society of Anesthesiologists
Founded in 1905, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) is an educational, research and scientific society with more than 55,000 members organized to raise and maintain the standards of the medical practice of anesthesiology. ASA is committed to ensuring physician anesthesiologists evaluate and supervise the medical care of patients before, during and after surgery to provide the highest quality and safest care every patient deserves.

For more information on the field of anesthesiology, visit the American Society of Anesthesiologists online at asahq.org. To learn more about the role physician anesthesiologists play in ensuring patient safety, visit asahq.org/madeforthismoment. Like ASA on Facebook and follow ASALifeline on Twitter.

About the American College of Radiology
The American College of Radiology (ACR), founded in 1924, is a professional medical society dedicated to serving patients and society by empowering radiology professionals to advance the practice, science and professions of radiological care.

The American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) is the national medical society representing emergency medicine. Through continuing education, research, public education, and advocacy, ACEP advances emergency care on behalf of its 40,000 emergency physician members, and the more than 150 million people they treat on an annual basis. For more information, visit www.acep.org and www.emergencyphysicians.org

Contact: Steve Arnoff | sarnoff@acep.org | Twitter @EmergencyDocs

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