Medical associations commend Texas federal court Surprise Billing ruling—a win for patients and physicians

Groups continue work to protect access to care as they protect patients from surprise medical bills

The American College of Radiology® (ACR®), American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) applaud the Aug. 3 U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas’ ruling that the government's exorbitant 600% fee increase to access the independent dispute resolution (IDR) process and its overly-restrictive “batching” limitations violate federal law. The ruling does not impact the patient protections included in the No Surprises Act, which ACR, ACEP and ASA advocated for and continue to support, nor does it raise patient out-of-pocket costs.

The court agreed with plaintiffs — the Texas Medical Association (TMA), the Texas Radiological Society and Houston Radiology Associated — that the government wrongly raised the fees to participate in the IDR process established to resolve out-of-network care billing disputes, and restricted providers’ ability to submit claims for similar services in “batches” without giving providers advance notice and an opportunity to comment.

ACR, ACEP and ASA filed a joint amicus brief with the Texas court showing how fee guidance published Dec. 23 by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services is unworkable. Effective Jan. 1, 2023, CMS increased the non-refundable administrative fee to contest disputed insurer reimbursement from $50 to $350. This drastic increase precludes many providers — particularly radiologists — from participating as their billed services are routinely less than $350.

In addition, interim final rules (IFR) published in October 2021 unreasonably limit the batching of claims for the IDR process to the same or similar service codes. This means that only claims for the same code billed to the same insurance plan within a 30-day period may be batched, further limiting IDR access.

Physicians, who are forced to utilize the IDR process because of unreasonable insurance payments, are prevailing in the arbitrators’ decisions more than 70% of the time. The court’s ruling is an important step in ensuring that the dispute resolution system is accessible and fair, as envisioned by the law’s authors.

Notably, the government has suspended the IDR process, effective immediately, because of this latest court decision. CMS termed this as an “Unplanned Outage.” Physicians now must await further government guidance on how to submit claims under the IDR process for reimbursement of services.

ACR, ACEP and ASA stand ready to work with the federal government, patient groups, and other stakeholders to find solutions that ensure a fair IDR process for out-of-network care payment that is sufficiently accessible, can ease growing case backlogs and will help safeguard patient access to care.

The Texas case solely impacts the IDR process to determine provider payment for out-of-network care. 

About the American College of Radiology
The American College of Radiology (ACR), founded in 1924, is a 42,000-member medical association that advances patient care, medical practice and collaborative results through advocacy, quality standards, research and education.

About the American Society of Anesthesiologists
Founded in 1905, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) is an educational, research and scientific society with more than 55,000 members organized to raise and maintain the standards of the medical practice of anesthesiology. ASA is committed to ensuring physician anesthesiologists evaluate and supervise the medical care of patients before, during and after surgery to provide the highest quality and safest care every patient deserves.

For more information on the field of anesthesiology, visit the American Society of Anesthesiologists online at To learn more about the role physician anesthesiologists play in ensuring patient safety, visit Like ASA on Facebook and follow ASALifeline on Twitter.


The American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) is the national medical society representing emergency medicine. Through continuing education, research, public education, and advocacy, ACEP advances emergency care on behalf of its 40,000 emergency physician members, and the more than 150 million people they treat on an annual basis. For more information, visit and

Contact: Steve Arnoff | | Twitter @EmergencyDocs